service agent & ip changes
Shut down the service agent before you change an ip-address; it'll otherwise gets confused.
System can't find libraries while installing RPM
If the system can't find libraries while installing RPM files from e.g. the Linux Toolbox, run /usr/sbin/updtvpkg and then retry.
LPAR with more than 16GB RAM on a 650 (7038-6M2)
One then needs to set the 'small real mode address region' checkbox in the memory configuration screen of the LPAR (on the HMC) or else the LPAR will not start.
Adding an iSCSI target lun to your system
Add a line to /etc/iscsi/targets:
IPADDRESS PORTNR iSCSI-NODE-NAME
192.168.0.25 3260 iqn.2001-04.com.vanheusden.fvhworkstation:storage.disk2.sys1.xyz
Then run 'cfgmgr -l iscsi0'. After that a new 'hdiskx' should appear:
# lsdev -Cc disk
hdisk0 Available Virtual SCSI Disk Drive
hdisk1 Available Other iSCSI Disk Drive
Filesize limits while copying
Do not use cpio when files are bigger then 2GB as it is limited to that file size (due to XPG/4, POSIX.2 standards). Tar is limited to 8GB due to the ustar format.
Find parent of a device
E.g. parent of hdisk0:
lsdev -Cl hdisk0 -F parent
mksecldap -c -h $LDAP_SERVER -d $BASE_DN -p $ADMIN_PW -a $ADMIN_USER -A ldap_auth
chsec -f /etc/security/user -s default -a "SYSTEM=LDAP or files"
chsec -f /etc/security/user -s default -a "registry=LDAP"
Add secldapclntd daemon startup to /etc/inittab:
/usr/sbin/mkitab "ldapclntd:2:once: /usr/sbin/secldapclntd >dev/console 2>&1"
For more details check this pdf.
Finding physical location of a disk
When you would like to replace disk (or so) you need to know its physical location.
In this example I'm going to find the physical location of disk hdisk1:
# prtconf | grep '+ hdisk1'
+ hdisk1 U0.1-P2/Z1-A9 16 Bit LVD SCSI Disk Drive (18200 MB)
We now know that the location is U0.1-P2/Z1-A9. Now we can let the system blink a light for that disk. For that, start diag:
Disabling the light:
- # diag
- select "Task Selection (Diagnostics, Advanced Diagnostics, Service Aids, etc.)"
- select "Identify and Attention Indicators"
- select your disk, in this example "U0.1-P2/Z1-A9"
- press enter, a '+' will be displayed
- press F7 to switch on the light; the '+' will be replaced with an 'I'
- press enter on the selected disk ("U0.1-P2/Z1-A9"), the 'I' will be replaced with a '+'
- press F7: the '+' will be removed and the light is disabled
Mounting an NFS-share from a Linux-server
You might see (on the AIX system) the following error message:
vmount: operation not permited
If that's the case, you might give:
nfso -o nfs_use_reserved_ports=1
(add -p to make it permanent) a try. It makes your AIX system use priviledged ports (< 1024), sometimes Linux systems enforce the use of those.
One can make the Linux host accept non-priviledged ports by adding the 'insecure' switch to the exported share in /etc/exports.
Compiling and using Postfix 2.5.6 on aix 6.1
Compiling Postfix 2.5.6 requires one small change. At line 215 of the file makedefs insert the following:
case "$CC" in
cc|*/cc|xlc|*/xlc) CCARGS="$CCARGS -w -blibpath:/usr/lib:/lib:/usr/local/lib";;
CCARGS="$CCARGS -D_ALL_SOURCE -DHAS_POSIX_REGEXP"
Please note that for example 'alias_maps' and 'alias_database' require dbm instead of hash.
'configure' takes ages to run
Run it from bash. While testing I found that this is 8 times as fast as running it from sh/ksh on my power5 system.
Compiling SDL on AIX 6.1
Compiling SDL 1.2.13 on AIX is mostly './configure ; make install' with only a few adjustments:
- Install package 'X11.adt'
- In ./include/SDL_stdinc.h remove #include <string.h>
- In ./src/audio/paudio/SDL_paudio.c add #include "SDL_endian.h" below #include <sys/stat.h>, replace BIG_ENDIAN by SDL_BIG_ENDIAN
IVM responds very slowly (half an hour per redraw)
This happens when you did not configure a DNS-server in the VIOS in which the IVM resides. Setting it to nameserver 127.0.0.1 in /etc/resolv.conf (or any other host on which no DNS is running) solves this. It looks as if the IVM still queries some DNS even if none is configured, if you have a host configured without any DNS running that responds with ICMP connection refused messages, the IVM knows it can stop trying.
Installing Debian in an LPAR
GCC creates default 32bit binaries
Add to the gcc commandline: -maix64.
Files can't get larger than 2GB
Create a journaled file system (NOT extendend or jfs2!) and enable the "Large File Enabled" option (in smitty).
This 2GB limit also applies when ulimit -f is set to unlimited(!).
Firefox fails to connect to HMC port with unsupported security protocol error
Surf to "about:config" (without quotes) and then set all parameters starting with "security." to "true".
Linux installed in an LPAR doesn't reboot
Occasionally a Linux system crashes. Now when you want to reboot the LPAR in which it runs, do not choose 'reboot & write dump' as VIOS does not know how to handle the Linux swap-space (to store the memory dump). If you do, VIOS will give you an af003202 and af003302 error. So always select the 'reboot WITHOUT dump' option.
while compiling: "collect2: library libm not found"
Install the bos.adt.libm package from the AIX installation media.
installing a package
installp -qacXgd packagefilename packagefilename